Partial solar eclipse on 25 October 2022
On October 25 at noon, the Moon passes in front of the Sun - a partial solar eclipse takes place. The event lasts about two hours and can be seen from almost all of central Europe under clear skies. Observatories at many locations will invite you to observe this celestial event. In addition, you can follow the eclipse via livestream on the Internet.
Solar eclipses are rare: The last time such an event was visible from central Europe was last year on 10 June 2021. Back then, the maximum fraction of the Sun covered by the dark new Moon was around 20 percent; this year observers in northeastern Germany will see more than 30 percent, and in the southwest around 20 percent of the Sun covered by the Moon. With our interactive solar eclipse app, you can simulate the progress of the eclipse from space.
The maximum of the eclipse takes place between 12.00 CEST and 12.30 CEST - in the west a little earlier, in the east a little later. Provided the sky is clear, anyone can take a look at the Sun and marvel at the eclipse during their lunch break. Please take appropriate protective measures, for example with special eclipse glasses, which are available for a few Euros. Please do not use other means under any circumstances, they do not darken the sunlight sufficiently and permanent eye damage could be the result. Alternatively, the image of the Sun can be projected with a homemade pinhole camera.
A solar eclipse can only occur at new Moon, when the Moon is located exactly between Sun and Earth. But due to the inclination of the Moon's orbit, it then usually passes far above or below the Sun. For the moon to hit the Sun, it must also cross the apparent path of the Sun at new Moon. The combination of both positions results in only two to four solar eclipses per year. In addition, the Sun must be above the local horizon during the eclipse, and so it happens that a solar eclipse can be seen from a location only every few years.
The next solar eclipse visible from central Europe will not occur until 29 March 2025. The Moon will then cover the sun to a similar extent as on 25 October this year.